History and Timeline
It has been 40 years since the creation of the A.B. Won Pat International Airport Authority, Guam (GIAA).
GIAA was created as a government entity by public law - P.L. 13-57. Prior to the enactment, the airport business was handled as a division of the Department of Commerce until January 1976 when the Airport Authority took over terminal operations in the facility, the former Commuter Terminal, and now a leased facility. At that time, the only three carriers using the facility and servicing Guam were Pan American Airways, Continental Air Micronesia and Japan Airlines.
Since then, GIAA has built two new terminal buildings. The first one, funded by $43M in revenue bonds was completed in 1982 and was referred to as the "white elephant" because most island leaders thought it would never reach capacity. However, within its fifth year of tenancy and operations, the first terminal was over-crowded and bursting at the seams with passengers.
The second and current terminal is the end product of a $241M expansion and construction project fully completed in September of 1998, making it the largest single capital improvement project ever completed on Guam.
GIAA has embarked on an aggressive capital improvement program of priority projects that infused $167Million into the Guam economy in 2014. These projects are funded by the successful sale of $247M in General Revenue Bonds sold in September 2013.
GIAA takes you through a timeline of significant events in our development.
2015 Guam’s Primary Extended Runway 6L/24R becomes fully operational with the FAA officially publishing that the runway was open for take-offs, arrivals and departures on June 25, 2015. The extension of RW 6L/24R from 10,000 linear feet to 12,000 linear feet was a work in progress for over five years in progressive phases with over $70M invested.
Jin Air upgauged its capacity in December 2014 servicing the Seoul/Guam route, using a B77-200 aircraft with 355 seats, from a B737-800 capacity with 183 seats.
United Airlines resumed the Seoul/Guam flight in October 2014, after suspension of the route serviced by then Continental Airlines in 2001, operating 7x weekly on a B737-800 aircraft.
United also introduced twice weekly services Shanghai/Guam in October 2014, making this first scheduled operation to mainland China from Guam.
Philippine Airlines increases its flights from 5x to 7x weekly to Manila, on its A320 aircaft, effective August 2014.
Lotte Duty Free celebrates its 1 year in operation on July 21, 2014.
15 recruits successfully completed the 1st cycle and were installed as Aircraft Rescue and Fire Fighter Fighters in June 2014.
The Airport issued and closed $247 Million in General Revenue bonds on 9/27/13. The bonds refinanced the 2003 revenue bond balance, and provides for new money for additions, improvements and enhancement of GIAA terminal and facilities.
Japan Airlines commenced cadet pilot training on the B737-800 and the B767-300 at the Guam International Airport, enhancing Guam's reputation as a regional player with attractive facilities and a viable place for pilot training.
2012 marked a year of new visitors, tenants, and operators with significant impact to total arrivals and services available at the Guam International Airport.
Russian Tourists arrive on Guam under the Guam/CNMI Visa Waiver Program, effective February 15, 2014 Under the program, Russian nationals with parole authority were able to travel to Guam and CNMI visa free for a period of 45 days.
FEDEX opened its office in July of 2012 at the Integrated Air Cargo Building in Tiyan, marking its presence onsite, vs. offsite sales and freight office of the past.
Jeju Air commenced daily operations from Seoul to Guam on September 28, 2012, operating a B737-800 with a 186 passenger seat capacity.
2011 marked a year of changes in service for some airlines.
All Nippon Airlines and Japan Airlines both retired their B747 aircraft on Guam.
Continual investment in Airport facilities were in various stages of completion:
- Improve Airport Facility Infrastructure (Electrical System) Phase I; $7M
- Noise Mitigation Measures (65-69 DNL); $2M
- Extension of Runway 6L/24R Phase VIII; $4M
- Instrument Landing System Installation RWY 6L, Phase I; $1.55M
- Instrument Landing System Installation RWY 6L, Phase II; $4.8M
- Airport Master Plan Update; $700k
- Airports Geographic Information System; $675k
- Energy Management Performance; Guaranteed Savings of $6.15M, with a capital investment of $9.9M for increased efficiency and replacement of inefficient equipment.
Air Service expanded in 2010, with more connections and options for travel:
- Resumed non stop flights from Guam to Hong Kong 2x weekly effective April 2
- Launched a 3rd weekly flight to Cairns on April 4
- Launched an additional flight to Manila departing on Saturdays - March 27,2010
- Launched Guam - Honolulu via Majuro effective June 5, 2010
- Launched an additional flight from Kansai (Osaka) effective Oct 1, 2010. This added to the resumption of year round flight service launched on December 23, 2009.
- Unveiled its new aircraft type B737-700 servicing Guam, Japan and Palau
- Formalized its merger with United Airlines in September 2010
- Launches daily service from Incheon/Guam eff. April 20, 2010
- Becomes signatory carrier effective July 1, 2010
- Celebrated 40th anniversary of service to Guam on October 1, 2010.
- 8 Charter Flights from Haneda in August 2010
- 8 scheduled charters in July
- Operated extra flights in July and August 2010
- Filed an application with USDOT to engage in foreign air transportation charters of persons, property and mail within the Asia/Pacific region in July 2010. Application is pending.
Delta Air Lines
- Northwest Airlines and Delta Air Lines merged in December 2009
- Initiated in house ground handling service with Delta Global Services in September 2010
Community programs and being a responsible neighbor goes hand in hand with airport development.
Sound Solutions (Noise Mitigation Program)
$7.3M Phase 1A & B; $3.7M Phase 1C ($15M over 7 to 10 years)
Phase I - 130 homes completed June 2009
Phase II - 62 homes Notice to Proceed issued May 2009
Insulation of a total of 500+ single / multi-residential units situated around the airport at an average of $59k of improvements per home. The home insulation program is a multi-year FAA program and paid for by AIP grants.
Demolition of Former Naval Housing Phase II
Completed November 2009
Demolition of Blocks 10-16 in North Tiyan to prepare property for development. Involved demolition of 7 blocks of former naval housing, and the demolition of old NAS swimming pool
Significant Development of Airport Properties transpired in 2008, with four express package facilities and cargo operators investing in Build-Operate-Transfer and long term leases with the Airport Authority:
MSA Logistics Groundbreaking
- New building project to consist of approximately 20,000 square feet of warehouse and office space
- Project Investment: $1.5M
Triple B Freight Forwarders (Guam), Inc. Groundbreaking
- New building comprises 22,000 square foot air and sea multi-modal cargo facility.
- Project Investment: $2.5M
Integrated Air Cargo Facility (PacAir Properties LLC) Groundbreaking
- PacAir to build a 140,000 square foot state-of-the-art integrated cargo facility.
- Project Investment: $23.8M
- Airport to realize $3.5M
- Project Investment: $4M
The total economic contribution of Guam's Airport per year was computed to be $1.7 billion dollars consisting of $291M direct, $1.1B in indirect and $326M in induced financial activity according to an Economic Contribution Report released in September of 2007 by Jacobs Consultancy, Inc. Airport operations was reported to generate 20,440 jobs, representing a total payroll of $628M.
Triple B Forwarders broke ground at its new facility site on Block 1 in Tiyan in August 2007. Triple B Forwarders investment is estimated at $2.5M for a multi-modal facility measuring 22,000 square feet, and will serve as a critical regional air and freight forwarder hub. This development certainly falls within the initiatives set forth in terms of compatible land uses of Tiyan property, and positions us to play an integral role in the cargo business in the region.
New opportunity to develop cargo and passenger activity occurred in 2006. In December 2006, the US Department of Transportation granted a 2-year term for foreign carriers with DOT authority, with some exception to engage in transportation of cargo through Guam. More recently, US and China concluded discussions on bilateral civil air service. As a result, the People's Republic of China may designate an unlimited number of airlines to operate the agreed services to Guam and Saipan, effective August 1, 2007.
Japan Airlines celebrated its 35th Anniversary of serving the Guam market. Japan Airlines service helped foster and develop Guam's primary tourist market, and is a major player in the transport of over 1 million Japanese to Guam annually.
The A. B. Won Pat International Airport's K-9 unit joined the prestigious Transportation Security Administration's (TSA) National Explosives Detection Canine Team Program through a cooperative partnership with TSA. The TSA-certified canine teams reflect the core values of the Department of Homeland Security - providing first responders with the right tools, technical assistance and funding to protect our nation's interest, and is a valuable asset to the Airport Safety program, combining excellent mobility with reliable detection rates. New and improved facilities and more efficient operations added to the quality of service for those doing business at the Airport. DHL Worldwide Express opened its new $1.2M Express Package Facility in the Airport Development Area, symbolizing a continued commitment to a long term presence on Guam. Airline partner, Continental Micronesia, improved its operation at its maintenance hangar, after a $3.5M upgrade and retrofit for efficient and safe operations.
The Authority hosted the 14th Annual Airports Council International - Pacific (ACI-Pacific) Regional Assembly & Conference in May 2004. Over 200 airport and aviation-related executives from 17 countries participated in the conference. GIAA launched the pilot phase of the Residential Sound Insulation Program. The phase involved approximately 30 homes currently impacted by airport noise measuring over 65 decibels. The Airport received $2M in FAA funding to cover the costs of treating the homes with sound insulation measures. The Airport welcomed world-renowned artist "Wyland" to Guam in 2004. As part of his international tour, an original mural was painted in the Terminal, making it the 91st piece of art in his Whaling Wall series.
Through the success in the refunding of the $211M 1993 General Revenue Bonds, the Authority was able to take advantage of the low-interest environment and strong demand for triple tax exemption bonds. The refunding of the bonds provided a gross savings of nearly $20M to the Authority over the next twenty years, equal to approximately $14M in savings on a net present value basis at the end of the Fiscal Year. The refunding made it possible for the Airport to decrease per passenger fees assessed to airlines by 29.4%.
GIAA Board of Directors approved signatory status for Korean Air, which represents a long-term commitment by Korean Air to continue dedicated service between Guam and Korea.
A banner year in our recovery, new and increased airline services included a resumption of Korean Airlines Seoul-Guam route, Philippine Airline's resumption of air service to Manila, Asiana's addition of a new Pusan-Guam route, All Nippon Airways inaugurated direct flights from Narita to Guam to complement their Osaka-Guam air service, and JAL added two more flights to their six flights a week to Narita.
Aerospace Concepts Inc. Corporate Business Center became a fixed based operator at GIAA facilities; a Flight Kitchen facility was conceptualized, an Express Package Facility was designed and internet kiosks and a cellular phone rental concession became operational.
In September of 2000, title to 1,417 acres of former US Naval properties was officially transferred to the Guam International Airport.
GIAA posted significant increases in arrivals and departures in the year of 2000 as a result of aggressive pursuit of new and increased air services and marketing of Guam in our tourist markets. 2000 arrivals over 1999 increased by 36%, departures increased 37%, cargo increased 5%, aircraft landing and takeoffs increased 11%, and aircraft gross take off weight increased 74%.
The Phillips North American Directory ranked Guam 4th top U.S. Gateway to/from Asia and Australasia in 1999. Significant developments in air service included the following new and increased air services: China Airlines begins charter flights to Taipei, Continental Micronesia added four new Boeing 737-800 aircraft, Japan Airlines service to Nagoya increases to twice daily operations, Northwest Airlines graduated its DC10 fleet to 747 aircraft on flights to Tokyo, and Asiana Airlines celebrated a resumption of service to Seoul, South Korea operating 9 flights a week.
In August of 1998, the second phase of the Terminal Expansion Project was opened for operations.
The year also marked an historical arrival of Air Force One touching down on the Guam International Airport's tarmac transporting the Honorable President Bill Clinton. In his speech, Clinton stated, "I have logged thousands of miles visiting many, many corners of America, trying to gain a greater understanding every day of the rich diversity of our nation. No president, however, can ever claim to have seen the breadth of America without coming here to our westernmost boundary. I thank you for making me feel so welcome, where America's day begins."
GIAA conducted a full scale disaster simulation to fulfill requirements of FAR Part 139 for the first time. This simulation organized an island and agency-wide response to a mass casualty on airport grounds.
The first phase of the terminal expansion project was completed on September 10, 1996. The completed phase featured an expanded terminal space of 550,000 sq. ft. from 220,000 sq. ft., a new larger customs and immigration hall, public parking lot with 710 spaces, new and expanded retail space, an automated baggage system capable of processing 120 bags per minute, and four pairs of moving walkways along the concourse.
GIAA obtained an Airport Operating Certificate from the FAA in preparation for the closure of Naval Air Station. April 1, 1995 marked the first date that Guam's only commercial airport was fully operated for the first time by civilian air traffic controllers and GIAA Operations Officers, responsibilities that originally belonged to the US Navy.
1994 In Fiscal Year 1994, arrivals and departures totaled 2,149,511 movements.
GIAA joins "Komitea Para Tiyan," a committee organized to plan for the transition of Naval Air Station from federal to local government control.
In January 1993, the Guam Airport Authority sold $242M in bonds in New York City for the airport expansion project.
In June 1993, NAS Agana, (the joint use airfield for civilian and military operations) was added to the Base Realignment and Closure (BRAC) Commission's list for recommended closure.
Governor Ada signed Public Law 21-135 in September 1992 allowing the Guam Airport Authority to sell $300M bonds for the expansion of the air terminal.
The Commuter Terminal became operational in August 1991. Three new loading bridges and parking aprons were added to the terminal at a cost of $6.2M.
Korea was added to the Guam Only Visa Waiver program. Continental Air Micronesia began air services to Seoul and commenced services to Sendai and Sapporo, Japan.
The Guam International Air Terminal Masterplan was updated in February.
Guam passed the million passenger mark with 1,494,148 passengers going through the Guam International Air Terminal (GIAT).
Airport Access Road opened on June 10th.
The Guam International Air Terminal was renamed to the "Antonio B. Won Pat Guam International Air Terminal" in honor of Guam's first elected Delegate to the U.S. House of Representatives.
GIAT attained $10.1M in revenues with operating costs of $7.7M.
ANA began regular international air service to Guam in March.
Construction began on the $2M Airport Industrial Park and GAA broke ground for the Airport Access Road project.
Omnibus Territories Act (visa waiver) was passed by the US Congress waiving the visa requirement for travelers from Australia, Brunei, Burma, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, Nauru, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Singapore, Solomon Islands, United Kingdom (including Hong Kong), Vanuatu and Western Samoa.
The Board of Directors approved a 5-year capital improvement program consisting of construction of the Airport Access Road, concourse extension project, extension of the departure lounge, apron parking extension and a parallel taxiway.
Continental Air Micronesia introduced service to Hong Kong.
All Nippon Airways (ANA) began charter flights to Guam which led to the inauguration of their international service three years later.
The new $43M Guam International Air Terminal was dedicated on January 19, 1982.
Continental Micronesia added flights to Japan and Northwest began regularly scheduled services to Guam.
An Economic Impact report identified $25,395, 000 as direct dollar impact from airlines operating through Guam International Air Terminal. Of that, approximately $5.87M went to wages, employee benefits and for goods and services purchased locally.
Guam Airport Authority floated a $43M bond to build new terminal facility.
Groundbreaking and site preparation of a new Guam International Air Terminal was held in October 1978 to meet improved passenger services and capacity.
GAA Special Facility Fueling System Revenue Bonds were issued in the amount of $3.25M, and was fully guaranteed by Lockheed Corporation with Wells Fargo Bank. This provided for an unconditional and irrevocable guarantee that Lockheed Corporation would meet all payments due in serving the bond issue.
The Airport Expansion and Improvement Project plan was first drafted identifying key issues for growth and development of airport facilities and services.
Guam Airport Authority (GAA) took over operations of the air terminal from the Department of Commerce in January 1976